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Physiotherapy is the treatment of movement, including prevention of disease and injury, promotion of healthy lifestyles and education, to develop, maintain and/or restore optimal movement or other functional capabilities when movement or other functions are impaired by age, injury, disease or environmental factors.

A physiotherapist provides a wide range of services to help patients restore and maintain physical function, mobility and general health. Their main areas of activity include:

The physiotherapist collects, analyses and critically evaluates information related to the patient’s medical condition. They evaluate and document the results of the assessment, determine the need for and extent of physiotherapy, and diagnose and predict the patient’s condition. Based on this information, they design an individual physiotherapy plan and program tailored to the needs of each patient.

The physiotherapist continuously monitors the patient’s health status, adjusts or discontinues physiotherapy treatments as appropriate, assesses their effectiveness, and documents these processes appropriately. They also provide first aid and individual and group physiotherapy treatments.

The physiotherapist relies on scientific evidence to make clinical decisions. They take a medical history that includes demographic and social data, general health, family history, current situation and chief complaints, functional status, physical activity level, medication use, and clinical tests.

In addition, the physiotherapist assesses the patient’s skin condition, perception, motivation, communication, and the need for compensatory and mobility aids. They also measure respiratory rate, rhythm and sound, pain, range of motion, muscle condition, static and dynamic posture, balance, coordination, movement control, gait, functional independence and endurance. It can also assess children’s psychomotor and motor development.

The physiotherapist uses a variety of techniques such as positional treatment, therapeutic exercises (passive, semi-active, active, resistance, aerobic, stabilization, balance, coordination, stretching, stretching, relaxation, respiratory, functional, neuromuscular facilitation, active inhibition), etc.

A physiotherapist can assist in the selection of mobility aids and orthopedic equipment and can design and implement preventive measures and physical activity programs to improve patients’ health and quality of life.

All of these activities are designed to improve the patient’s quality of life, help them recover from injury or illness, maintain good physical condition, and promote an active lifestyle. The physiotherapist works together with other healthcare professionals to achieve the best outcome for each patient